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The R-2508 Complex is a tri-service test complex used by the Departmentof Defense for advancement and employment of weapons systems technology.Aircraft research and development in all regimes of flight from spins tosupersonic cruise as well as development/operational weapons test and evaluationflights which take place daily. Additionally, student pilot training, aircombat maneuvering, and proficiency flights are scheduled in the R-2508Complex.

This handbook is published under the authority of the R-2508 Joint Policyand Planning Board (JPPB) and developed by the R-2508 Complex Control Board(CCB). It contains procedures for R-2508 Complex missions, scheduling,and aircrew briefing. Unit Commanders and authorized civilian activitiesusing the R-2508 Complex are responsible for ensuring compliance with theprovisions of this handbook.











1-1 POLICY 1-1








a. R-2508 Joint Policy and Planning Board 2-1

b. R-2508 Complex Control Board 2-1

c. R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility 2-1





a. General 3-1

b. R-2508 Complex Shared Use Airspace 3-1

c. R-2508 Complex Special Use Airspace Vertical Boundary Definitions3-1

d. Daggett Shelf 3-6

e. Golden Triangle 3-6

f. Released Airspace Status 3-8


a. Scheduled Complex Activity 3-8

Isabella Work Area 3-8

Barstow Work Area 3-8

Buckhorn Work Area 3-8

Owens Work Area 3-8

Saline Work Area 3-10

Panamint Work Area 3-10

b. Military Low Observable Platforms 3-10

c. General Aviation 3-10

d. Hang Gliders 3-10

e. Ultralight 3-10

f. Sailplane 3-10

g. California City Airport 3-12

h. Land Management Agencies 3-12

i. R-2508 Complex Entry/Exit Points 3-12

j. Bakersfield and Porterville Work Areas 3-12


a. National Parks/Wilderness Areas Altitude Restrictions 3-12

b. Populated Areas Overflight 3-14

c. Owens Valley 3-14

d. Paved Roads 3-14

e. Other Caution Areas 3-14


4-1 GENERAL 4-1

a. Scheduling Agencies 4-1

b. "Lights Out" Procedures 4-2

c. Electronic Counter Measures/Chaff/Flares 4-2

d. Flares 4-3

e. Tanker Areas 4-3

f. Supersonic Operations 4-6

g. Airborne Radar Unit (ARU) 4-6

h. Open Skies 4-6

i. R-2508 Situation Report 4-7


a. CCF Responsibilities 4-8

b. Airspace Scheduling 4-8

c. Aircraft Scheduling 4-8


a. Scheduling Requirements 4-10

b. Enforced Procedures 4-10


a. Special Operations Definition 4-10

b. Scheduling Request 4-11

c. Lead Time 4-11


a. Definition of Large Scale Exercise 4-11

b. Planning Requirements 4-11

c. Points of Contact 4-12

d. CCF Coordination 4-12


a. Flight Plan Filing 4-13

b. Flight Plan Procedures 4-13


a. General 4-14

b. Specific Procedures 4-15

c. Operating Procedures 4-16


a. Scheduling Requirements 4-18

b. Work Area Clearance 4-19



a. Area Description 5-1

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-1

c. Scheduling 5-3

d. Special Procedures 5-3



a. Area Description 5-4

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-4

c. Scheduling 5-4

d. Special Procedures 5-6



a. Area Description 5-6

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-6

c. Scheduling 5-6

d. Special Procedures 5-6



a. Area Description 5-6

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-8

c. Requests and Scheduling 5-8

d. Special Procedures 5-8



a. Area Description 5-8

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-10

c. Requests and Scheduling 5-10

d. Special Procedures 5-10



a. Area Description 5-11

b. Command and Control Facilities 5-11

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c. Scheduling 5-11

d. Special Procedures 5-13















4-2 SAMPLE DD-175 4-13

5-1 R-2502N AND R-2502E 5-2

5-2 R-2505 5-5

5-3 R-2524 5-7

5-4 R-2524 BYPASSES 5-9

5-5 R-2515 5-12











1-1. POLICY. This handbook prescribes policy and standard operatingprocedures for aircrews operating in the R-2508 Complex.

1-2. CANCELLATION. R-2508 COMPLEX USER'S HANDBOOK dated 1 January 1995is canceled.

1-3. EFFECTIVE DATE. This book is effective 1 May 1997.

1-4. RECOMMENDED CHANGES. Recommended changes should be forwarded to:


R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility


100 E. Sparks Dr.

Edwards AFB,CA 93524-8090




DSN 527-2508, (661) 277-2508


DSN 527-4798, (661) 277-4798

1-5. AUTOMATIC DISTRIBUTION. To receive future changes or revisionsto this handbook, units should forward requests to the R-2508 Central CoordinatingFacility (CCF), see paragraph 1-4.

1-6. ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND TERMS. As used in this handbook, thefollowing items have the meanings indicated:


AAF Army Air Field

ACM Air Combat Maneuvering

AFB Air Force Base

AFFS Army Flight Following Service

AFFTC Air Force Flight Test Center

AGGR Air to Ground Gunnery Range

AGL Above Ground Level

ALTRV Altitude Reservation

ARTCC Air Route Traffic Control Center

ARU Airborne Radar Unit

ASC Airspace Surveillance Center

ATC Air Traffic Control

ATCAA Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace

ATO Air Tasking Order

AWACS Airborne Warning and Control System

BFM Basic Fighter Maneuvers

CAS Close-Air Support

CCB Complex Control Board

CCF R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility

DOD Department of Defense

DME Distance Measuring Equipment

DSN Defense Switching Network

ECM Electronic Counter Measures

ECR Electronic Combat Range

EW Electronic Warfare

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FAR Federal Air Regulation

FL Flight Level

FLIP Flight Information Publication

GCI Ground Control Intercept

GP General Planning

IFR Instrument Flight Rules

JPPB Joint Policy and Planning Board

LOA Letter of Agreement

MOA Military Operations Area

MRU Military Radar Unit

MSL Mean Sea Level

MTR Military Training Route

NACC NTC Airspace Control Center

NAS Naval Air Station

NAWCWPNS Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division

NAWS Naval Air Weapons Station

NM Nautical Miles

NOTAM Notice to Airman

NTC National Training Center

NVD Night Vision Devices

OT&E Operational Test and Evaluation

POC Point of Contact

PPR Prior Permission Required

RCO Range Control Officer

RCF Radar Control Facility

RDT&E Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation

RTB Return to Base

SFC Surface

SUA Special Use Airspace

TFR Temporary Flight Restriction

TRACON Terminal Radar Approach Control

TW Test Wing

TS Test Squadron

UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

VFR Visual Flight Rules



Management of the R-2508 Complex is the responsibility of the R-2508Joint Policy and Planning Board (JPPB), founded in 1975 at the directionof the Joint Logistics Commanders and approved by the respective ServiceChiefs and the Office of the Secretary of Defense. JPPB members are theCommanders of the NAWCWPNS, China Lake; AFFTC, Edwards AFB; and NTC, FortIrwin. The JPPB establishes broad operational policy and is the approvingauthority of all matters dealing with the joint management/control of militaryactivities within the Complex. The mission of the JPPB is the enhancementand preservation of the R-2508 Complex bases, ranges,and special use airspace; and to increase the Departmentof Defense (DOD) capability for Research, Development,Test, and Evaluation(RDT&E) of aircraft and weapons systems. Additionally, the JPPB preservesan area for operational training and readiness of DOD sponsoredactivities.

The R-2508 Complex Control Board (CCB), established in 1955, is comprisedof representatives from each command. The CCB conducts the R-2508 Complexmanagement function. The CCF, under direction of the CCB, is the designatedscheduling authority for R-2508 Complex shared-use airspace. The missionof the CCB is to supervise the management of the R-2508 Complex. TheCCBassists the JPPB Commanders by formulation of advice and assistance inthe conduct of JPPB matters and by relieving themof details in the conduct of day-to-day business suchas developing procedures for shared use airspace, resolution ofproceduralconflicts, and real-time decision making.

Within the policy, scope, and limitations imposed by the CCB, the CCFhas autonomous authority pertaining to R-2508 Complexshareduse airspace utilization when the Complex is scheduled/activatedfor military use. The CCF exercises this authority in matters relatingto airspace use and management of the R-2508 Complex;specifically:

(1) To manage, document, and coordinate on a scheduledand real-time basis the airspace utilization and mission requirements ofall military and civil users of the R-2508 Complex.

(2) Act as the single point for coordination ofR-2508 Complex activities with High Desert TRACON and missioncontrol facilities.

(3) Release and recall of R-2508 Complex airspace.

(4) Administrative support of R-2508 Complex administrativerequirements, facilities, equipment, projects, andOperations and Maintenance (O&M) budget.

2-2. CONTROLLING AGENCY. High Desert Terminal Radar Approach Control(TRACON), a FAA Air Traffic Control Facility, is the controlling agencyfor the R-2508 Complex. TRACON's call sign is "JOSHUA APPROACH."

2-3. USING AGENCY. Internal Restricted Areas. Internal restricted areaswithin the R-2508 Complex (R-2502N, R-2502E, R-2505, R-2506, R-2515, andR-2524) are scheduled and controlled by their respective "designated UsingAgencies." See Chapter 4 for scheduling and operating procedures for internalrestricted areas.



a. General. The R-2508 Complex includes all the airspace and associatedland presently "owned" and managed by the three principal military activitiesin the Upper Mojave Desert region: Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC),Edwards Air Force Base (AFB); National Training Center (NTC), Fort Irwin,and Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWPNS), China Lake. TheR-2508 Complex is composed of a number of restricted areas, Military OperationsAreas (MOA), and Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace (ATCAA) areas asdefined in the following paragraphs.

b. R-2508 Complex Shared Use Airspace. The Military Operations Areas(MOA) and Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace (ATCAA) areas are combinedwith R-2508 to form the four major work areas; Isabella, Owens, Saline,and Panamint. This creates working airspace from near the surface upwardsthroughout the entire R-2508 Complex. Isabella, Saline, and Panamint workareas have peripheral areas made up of MOA and/or ATCAA airspace to increasethe size of the usable airspace (Figure 3-1).

c. R-2508 Complex Special Use Airspace Vertical Boundaries. Descriptionsof the lower and upper altitude boundaries for the various types of specialuse airspaces (Figures 3-1, 3-2, 3-3, and 3-4) are as follows:

(1) Restricted Areas. Restricted Area R-2508, the major restricted areafrom which the R-2508 Complex derives its name, extends from FL200 upwardto unlimited and is shared use airspace. Individual restricted areas, R-2502N,R-2502E, R-2505, R-2506, R-2515, and R-2524 require prior approval forentry. These internal restricted areas have vertical dimensions of surfaceto unlimited, except, R-2506, which extends from surface to 6000' MSL (Figure3-2).

(2) Military Operations Areas. The four main MOA work areas, Isabella,Owens, Saline, and Panamint, along with Barstow, Buckhorn, Bishop, andShoshone MOAs, have a minimum altitude boundary of 200' AGL; and Bakersfieldand Porterville MOAs have a minimum altitude of 2000' AGL (Figure 3-3 andAppendix D). Portions of the four major work areas are located over Sequoia/KingsCanyon National Parks, John Muir and Domeland Wilderness Areas, and DeathValley National Park (See "NOTE" below) where the lower limit of the MOAis 3,000' AGL. MOAs do not include the airspace below 1,500' AGL withinthree miles of any charted airport; except, Mojave Airport Class D airspace.


Exclusion of MOA airspace above the Death Valley National Park andDomeland

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Wilderness Area applies to the 1977 contours of the former NationalMonument and Wilderness Area. This difference in affected airspace maynot be accurately reflected in Sectional Charts. Refer to Figure 3-5 andcontact CCF if further information is required.

(3) Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace. The ATCAAs (Figure 3-4 andAppendix D) are used to fill the airspace gap between the top of the MOAs(FL180) and the base of R-2508 (FL200). When R-2508 is not activated, theATCAAs may extend upward to FL600. ATCAAs are also located above the peripheralMOAs, which are outside the lateral boundaries of R-2508, to afford additionalareas up to FL600 for segregation of military operations from IFR traffic.Deep Springs is formed solely of ATCAA airspace from FL240 to FL600. IsabellaEast and Panamint South ATCAAs, FL180 to FL600, are set up within the boundariesof R-2515, R-2502N, R-2502E, and R-2524 to be used as an air traffic controlaid for military operations when the restricted areas have been declared"cold."


The ATCAAs over the R-2508 Complex MOAs Owens, Barstow, and Shoshonehave different boundary configurations from the corresponding airspaceunderneath (Figure 3-3 and 3-4). Aircrews must be aware of these boundarydifferences to prevent possible spillouts into Los Angeles or Oakland AirRoute Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) airspace. Aircrews operating in Barstowor Shoshone must assure they request work areas Barstow East, Barstow West,Shoshone North, or Shoshone South ATCAA airspace in conjunction with theappropriate lower MOA airspace when needed.

d. Daggett Shelf. The Daggett Shelf consists of Barstow East ATCAA,R-2502 East, and that portion of R-2508 which coincides with R-2502E, FL240and above (Figure 3-1). The Daggett Shelf was established by LOA to provideFAA relief for control of IFR traffic through the DAGGETT/HECTOR corridor.The Daggett Shelf along with Shoshone South ATCAA airspace remains underARTCC control until TRACON requests and receives control of the airspace.Aircrews scheduled for or requiring one or more of the areas that comprisethe Daggett Shelf or Shoshone South ATCAA FL240 or above shall requestthe area(s) and altitudes from TRACON. Aircrews should expect up to 10minutes delay for transfer of control of the airspace from Center to TRACON.Aircrews SHALL NOT enter any portion of the Daggett Shelf or Shoshone Southuntil specific notification or clearance has been received from TRACON.


(1) Definition. That portion of R-2515 which extends north of the westerlyextension of R-2524's southern boundary. See Figure 3-2.

(2) Coordinates: Beginning at 35°27¢40²N/117°26¢03²W

thence direct 35°15¢56²N/117°26¢03²W

thence direct 35°15¢56²N/117°43¢41²W

thence to point of beginning

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(3) Scheduling. The R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility has been delegatedscheduling authority for the Golden Triangle by Edwards AFB. Unitsrequiring this area for transition in/out of R-2524 will schedule the requirementwith CCF. CCF will enter GT on the mission's schedule with it appearingon the FAA Flight Progress strip as "GT."

(4) Scheduling/Strip Marking Identifier: GT

(5) Operational Procedures. ASC shall coordinate a radar "Point Out"of aircraft under their control to SPORT or TRACON, if the airspace hasbeen released to TRACON control, prior to entering the Golden Triangle.

f. Released Airspace Status. The internal restricted areas are "owned"by individual military agencies which may be released for joint DOD use.When this occurs, the released airspace becomes part of the basic R-2508Complex.


a. Scheduled Complex Activity. Aircraft research and development inall stages of flight from spins to supersonic cruise; operational weaponstest and evaluation flights; student training; air combat maneuvering andproficiency flights; and civilian test aircraft in direct support of DODand/or commercial defense testing are typical operations in the R-2508Complex, which may support in excess of 350 aircraft sorties on any normalday. Test operations must remain flexible and airspace requirements arenot entirely predictable. Therefore, to best use the available airspace,participating aircraft operating in R-2508 Complex shared use airspaceare not segregated. Participating aircraft must accept radar traffic advisoriesand use the "SEE and AVOID" principle to avoid interfering with the missionsof other aircraft.

(1) Isabella is heavily used by Edwards AFB, at all altitudes, withrapid maneuvering and ACM conducted over Saltdale/Koehn Lake (35°20¢N/117°53¢W).Most arrivals and departures from China Lake transit Isabella. Refuelingaircraft frequently orbit in Isabella in support of restricted area operations.Additionally, Isabella is a primary holding point for armed aircraft utilizingR-2505 and test aircraft utilizing R-2524. Several Military Training Routes(MTRs) also transit the area (Figure 3-6).

(2) Barstow is used by helicopter and Air Warrior aircraft entering/exitingR-2502N and R-2502E or holding awaiting entering of R-2502N and R-2502E,military traffic on VR1217/VR1218, and Edwards AFB flight test operations.(Figure 3-6).

(3) Buckhorn is used extensively to support Edwards AFB test missions.(Figure 3-1).

(4) Owens is used primarily by Edwards AFB, China Lake, Fresno ANG,and NAS Lemoore for Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E), Air CombatManeuvering (ACM), and training flights. Several MTRs also transit Owens.(Figure 3-6).

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(5) Saline is used by aircraft from Edwards AFB, China Lake, FresnoANG, Nellis AFB, and NAS Lemoore for Test and Evaluation, Air Combat Maneuvering(ACM), and training flights. Saline Valley is used for low altitude refuelingactivities. Several MTRs also transit Saline. (Figure 3-6).

(6) Panamint is used routinely in support of R-2502N, R-2502E, and R-2524operations and by Nellis AFB and China Lake units; Fresno ANG and EdwardsAFB. Panamint and Shoshone are primarily used for OT&E, ACM, low altitudetraining, and large scale exercises. Several MTRs transit these areas (Figure3-6). Shoshone is also used for low altitude tanking operations in supportof large scale exercises.

b. Military Low Observable Platforms.

(1) Low observable platforms (i.e., F-117A, B-2A) conduct flight teststhroughout the R-2508 Complex. During these missions it is critical theseaircraft not be used as targets of opportunity for any ground, airborne,or space based sensors or emitters. If these aircraft are inadvertentlytracked by any device, the resulting data is classified and must be affordedproper safeguards. After flight, the incident must be immediately reportedto the 412 TG/TSR, DSN 525-8043, or 420 TS/DO, DSN 525-8035 for dispositionof data and debriefing instructions.

(2) The discussion of information relating to sensor effectiveness inacquiring, tracking, and targeting these aircraft with anyone other thanthe person assigned to investigate the incident is not permitted. Failureto comply with this direction may be in violation of Federal and DOD regulationsand policy for the protection of classified information as they relateto Special Access Required (SAR) programs.

c. General Aviation. General aviation aircraft fly unrestricted in accordancewith Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the R-2508 Complex MOAs below FL180.Figure 3-7 depicts the most heavily flown routes.

d. Hang glider operations are conducted along the Sierra Nevada MountainRange and along the northeast shoreline of Owens Dry Lake through the OwensValley along the Inyo Mountain Range to Bishop, California.

e. Ultralight activity is also popular in many areas throughout theR-2508 Complex MOAs. This activity is primarily concentrated around townsand civil airports within the R-2508 Complex.

f. Sailplane activities are conducted daily from the Tehachapi MountainValley, Lone Pine, Independence, Rosamond, Mojave, California City, andInyokern airports.


A sailplane Wave Camp, is charted in the Isabella MOA and can bescheduled for use whenever soaring conditions permit. Sailplane operationscan be extremely heavy in the area of California City Airport due to launch/recoveryand flights transitioning between the airport and the Wave Camp area. Theheaviest concentration of sailplane operations is expected along and Eastof the Sierra Nevada mountain range from Tehachapi Pass to the

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mouth of Lone Tree Canyon, 13 NM Northeast of Tehachapi Pass. Sailplaneoperations below FL180 are not confined to Isabella MOA, but remain clearof restricted areas. Sailplane operations FL180-FL500 are restricted tothe Wave Camp area bounded by California City Airport, Mojave Airport,Highway 58/Tehachapi Pass, and mouth of Lone Tree Canyon. Coordinates forthis area are:

Beginning at 35°09¢N/118°01¢W (California City Airport)

thence direct 35°03¢N/118°09¢W (Mojave Airport)

thence direct 35°06¢N/118°18¢W (Highway 58/TehachapiPass)

thence direct 35°14¢N/118°05¢W (mouth of Lone TreeCanyon)

thence direct to point of beginning.

g. California City Airport is used for parachute activities from surfaceto 17,500 feet MSL by private parachute clubs and occasionally by militaryaircraft.

h. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) operate in the R-2508 Complex typicallyat altitudes above 40,000 feet MSL. UAVs have been launched into the Complexfrom Edwards AFB, China Lake, and El Mirage, but operations are not limitedto these areas.

i. Unmanned Rocket launches occur within the Complex from locationsapproximately eight miles west of Randsburg, Calif. (PMD004/45 or 35°21'N/117°48'W, and PMD 358/43 or 35° 20'N/117° 52'W). Rocketsmust stay within a radius of statute miles from the launch site. Operationsare limited to daylight hours only and are not permitted when surface visibilityin the launch area is less than three miles and/or into clouds. The maximumrocket altitude allowable, when the R-2508 Complex is activated for militaryuse, is 18,000feet MSL.

j. Land Management Agency helicopters and fixed wing aircraft operate,in the R-2508 Complex, primarily in the western portions of Isabella andOwens. Administrative support aircraft operations are normally 1,500' AGLand below. Actual fire fighting and related support operations will normallybe conducted within a Temporary Flight Restriction (FAR 91.137) NOTAM areawithin a defined area and altitude block. However, aircraft operationsto/from staging bases may occur outside of the NOTAMed fire areas.

k. R-2508 Complex entry/exit points for VFR and IFR military activitiesare depicted on Figure 3-8.

l. Bakersfield and Porterville MOAs/ATCAAs, Deep Springs ATCAA, andBishop MOA must be scheduled in advance with CCF to ensure accomplishmentof required pre-coordination with Los Angeles or Oakland ARTCC.

3-3. SENSITIVE AREAS. The military mission within the R-2508 Complexhas long enjoyed the support of the population that lives beneath the R-2508Complex airspace. This support is essential to DOD's effort to preservethe R-2508 Complex for future military use. Occasional damage from sonicbooms and frequent noise complaints relating to low level flight over smalltowns, airports, and recreation areas have done serious damage to the DOD/civiliancommunity relationship. Aircrews must adhere to Federal Air Regulations(FAR) and DOD rules pertaining to supersonic operations, endangering privateproperty and annoyance to civilians. Areas of concern are as follows:

a. National Parks/Wilderness Areas Altitude Restrictions

(1) A minimum altitude of 3000 feet AGL and lateral distance of 3000feet (approximately 1/2 nautical mile) shall be maintained over and fromthe Death Valley National

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Monument, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, and the Domelandand John Muir Wilderness Areas as depicted in Figure 3-5. Due to thehigh visibility and potential impact on DOD, land management agencies andcivilian populace relations; aircrews are encouraged to avoid these areasto the maximum extent possible. Missions requiring overflight of theseareas should take extra precaution to abide by the overflight altitudes.Exclusion of MOA airspace above Death Valley National Park and DomelandWilderness Area applies to the 1977 contours of the former National Monumentand Wilderness Area. This difference in affected airspace may not be accuratelyreflected in sectionals. Refer to Figure 3-5, and contact CCF with anyfurther questions.

(2) Low flying aircraft over National Parks and Wilderness Areas isan extremely sensitive issue. Strict vigilance is required.

b. Populated Areas Overflight. Aircrews should avoid overflight below3000 feet AGL over inhabited areas and communities; including, Keeler,Lone Pine, Trona, Inyokern, Independence, Olancha, Tehachapi, Randsburg,Johannesburg, Red Mountain and Ridgecrest Lake Isabella, and Kernville.Recreational use near these communities and along the Kern River is highin the summer months. Aircrews should anticipate increased sensitivityto operations near these areas. Avoid low level overflight of any obviouslyinhabited area. See Figure 3-5 for a depiction of sensitive areas.

c. Owens Valley. Aircrews should avoid conducting ACM activities overtowns, especially in the Owens Valley. Though the ACM activity may be atlegal altitudes the concentration of noise over the valley floor createsa noise nuisance for the civilian populace in the area. The townsof Lone Pine and Independence have become very sensitive to the noise createdby military activities in their area, and flight activities should avoidthese areas to the maximum extent possible.

d. Paved Roads. Aircrews should avoid low altitude flight directly overpaved roads.

e. Other Areas of Concern:

(1) The official duck hunting season runs between October and Januaryduring the birds' southern migration. Little Lake is one of the migratorystops and is also home to a private hunting club which organizes commercialhunting activity at that site (35°57¢N/117°54¢W). Aircrewsshould be alert for dangers of bird strikes transiting low-level throughthis area during hunting season.

(2) Extra caution should be used between the months of October throughMarch within plus or minus one hour of sunrise and sunset for increasedbird activity within all the MOA's.

(3) A gold mining operation at a Randsburg mine (35°56¢17²N/117°11¢09²W),conducts blasting with a vertical hazard footprint up to 400' AGL. Blastingis scheduled daily between 1400 (L) - 1700 (L).

(4) A gold mining operation located in the Panamint Valley, approximately7 miles south of Ballarat (36°56¢17²N/117°11¢09²W),conducts daily blasting between 1130 (L) - 1300 (L). Flyrock hazard toindeterminable altitudes; direct overflight should be avoided during blastingperiods.



a. Scheduling Agencies. Unlike most special use airspace, the R-2508Complex is a tri-service operation with several controlling/schedulingagencies. The scheduling process may require users to coordinate and scheduleplanned activities with more than one agency. Therefore, units planningoperations in R-2508 Complex airspace should be prepared to coordinateand schedule through the agency(ies) having scheduling and operationalcontrol of the required areas as listed below. Detailed scheduling andoperational procedures are contained in this chapter and in Chapter 4.



R-2508/ R-2508 Central 0600-1800 M-F Scheduling DSN 527-2508

MOAs/ Coordinating (661) 277-2508

ATCAAs Facility (CCF) FAX DSN 527-4798

(661) 277-4798

Pager 800-805-2851


R-2502N/ NTC Fort Irwin 24 Hours Scheduling DSN 470-4320/6816

R-2502E (760) 380-4320/6816

FAX DSN 470-5500

(760) 380-5500

0800-1600 M-F Installation Aviation DSN 470-4072

Officer (760) 380-4072

FAX DSN 470-5500/5584

(760) 380-5500/5584

R-2505/ NAWCWPNS 0700-1700 M-Th Scheduling DSN 437-6800

R-2506 China Lake 0700-1600 non- (760) 939-6800

civilian payday FAX DSN 437-6950

Fridays (760) 939-6950

0700-1700 M-Th Test Management DSN 437-6807

0700-1600 non- Office (760) 939-6807

civilian payday FAX DSN 437-6950

Fridays (760) 939-6950

0700-1700 M-Th Airspace Surveillance DSN 437-6908/9

0700-1600 non- Center (ASC) (760) 939-6908/9

civilian payday FAX DSN 437-6927

Fridays (760) 939-6927

R-2515 Edwards AFB 0600-1700 M-F Scheduling DSN 527-3940

(661) 277-3940

FAX DSN 527-9785

(661) 277-9785

0700-1530 M-F Airspace Manager DSN 527-2446

(661) 277-2446

FAX DSN 527-4462/5544

(661) 277-4462/5544

R-2524 NAWCWPNS 0630-1630 M-Th ECR Scheduling DSN 437-9128

China Lake (760) 939-9128

FAX DSN 437-9152

(760) 939-9152

0630-1630 M-Th Test Management DSN 437-9149

Office (760) 939-9149

NOTE: Hours of operation may be changed due to personnelshortages or other factors. Notification of changes will be distributedby NOTAM or DOD message.

b. "Lights Out" Operations. "Lights Out" (Night Vision Device, NVD)operations must be contained within the internal restricted areas. R-2505,R-2524, R-2502N, and R-2502E scheduling agencies can authorize "lightsout" operations within their designated areas. Units requiring "lightsout" operations shall contact the designated internal restricted area schedulingagency, as listed in paragraph 4-1.a., to schedule "lights out" operations.Aircraft position lights shall remain on while transiting to and from thescheduled restricted area but may be turned off when authorized withinthe internal restricted area (excludes R-2508). Aircrews shall advise thecontrolling agency when commencing/terminating "lights out" operations."Lights out" operations pertains only to the internal restricted areasand is not authorized in any other special use airspace. A waiver to FAR91.209 is unnecessary if the aircraft is operating in a restricted areain compliance with the Using/Scheduling Agency's rules of operation forthe internal restricted area.

c. Electronic Counter Measures/Chaff.

(1) Electronic Counter Measures.

Electronic Counter Measures. Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) (JAMMINGand/or CHAFF) activities in the R-2508 Complex must be pre-coordinatedand approved by the Western Area Frequency Coordinator (WAFC) office, DSN351-7983 or Commercial (661) 488-1249, or the appropriate Base SpectrumManager or Air Force Flight Test Center Spectrum Manager, DSN 527-2390or Commercial (661) 277-2390. These activities must also be identifiedto the CCF during the scheduling process.

(2) Procedures.

(a) ECM/Chaff. Contact the appropriate Base Spectrum Manager or AirForce Flight Test Center Spectrum Manager [see paragraph 4-1 c. (4)], orthe WAFC office and submit unit request to conduct a specific type of ECM/Chaffactivity. Request(s) must include: date/time frame/altitude, type aircraft,type ECM/Chaff, and clearance number if known.

(b) The Base Spectrum Manager will coordinate mission requirements withthe Western Area Frequency Coordinator (WAFC) at Point Mugu. This willbe scheduled by using the airspace name followed by a number designatingthe type of activity requested (i.e., 1 for Chaff and 2 for ECM).

EXAMPLE: SALINE-1, 21 July, 0800-1000. (Drop specific type of Chaffin Saline MOA from 0800-1000, on 21 July)

(3) Approval. Provided the requested activity is covered by an existingclearance and scheduled with WAFC, the activity is automatically approved.If a conflict is detected, WAFC will notify the coordinating Spectrum Managerof the conflict. Spectrum Manager will notify the requesting unit and takeaction to resolve the conflict.

(4) Points-of-Contact. Base Spectrum Managers for R-2508 Complex andWAFC agencies are as follows:

(a) Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards AFB - DSN 527-2390, Commercial(661) 277-2390.

(b) NAWCWPNS, China Lake - DSN 437-6827, Commercial (760) 939-6827.

(c) National Training Center, Fort Irwin - DSN 470-3280, Commercial(760) 380-3280.

(d) Western Area Frequency Coordinator - DSN 351-7983, Commercial (661)989-7983.

d. Flares. Use of flares in the R-2508 Complex is limited to internalrestricted areas (R-2502N, R-2502E, R-2505, R-2515, and R-2524) and isnot authorized in R-2508, MOA, or ATCAA airspace. Flare use must be coordinatedwith the cognizant scheduling agency.

e. Tanker Areas.

(1) There are three unpublished tanker areas established within theR-2508 Complex (Figure 4-1.) These areas are available for use and mustbe scheduled with the R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility (CCF). Tankercrews and receiver aircraft pilots are reminded,

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (9)

these tanker areas are not exclusive use airspace and are notprotected from other Complex aircraft operating in the area. The"See and Avoid" principle applies throughout your tanking operations.

(2) Tanker area definitions are as follows:


(a) Isabella PMD 345/35 35°13¢N/118°04¢30²W

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(b) Coaldale OAL 155/60 37°00¢N/117°33¢W


(c) Shoshone BTY 150/60 35°50¢¢N/116°26¢W

(3) Refueling Area Directions of Flight:

(a) Isabella - Outbound on the PMD 345R, left turns.

(b) Coaldale - Outbound on the OAL 155R, left turns.

(c) Shoshone - Inbound on the BTY 150R, left turns.

(4) Refueling Areas Frequencies. Each of the R-2508 Complex refuelingareas has an assigned frequency to be used during refueling operations.The assigned frequency should be used to the extent possible; if impracticable,coordinate mission/tactical frequency to be used with CCF and/or TRACON.CCF personnel will advise units/squadrons of the appropriate frequencyduring the scheduling/coordination process. The assigned frequencies areas follows:


(a) Isabella 234.825 MHz

(b) Coaldale 252.175 MHz

(c) Shoshone 272.175 MHz

NOTE: No radar coverage available below 10,000FT MSL for Shoshone and Coaldale refueling areas.

(5) Pilots operating in the vicinity of R-2508 Complex Tanking Areas(Isabella, Coaldale, and Shoshone), should be extra vigilant for tankingaircraft formations. If a tanker

formation is observed request pilots avoid the formation by a minimumof 2,000 feet vertically and five miles horizontally. This separation isnecessary to preclude the risk of an emergency breakaway/maneuvering onthe part of the tanker formation. To ascertain if a tanker area is "active"contact High Desert TRACON (Joshua Approach) and request status.

f. Supersonic Operations. Supersonic flight is not authorized in R-2508,MOAs, or ATCAAs. Supersonic operations may be conducted in internal restrictedareas after specific approval from the appropriate scheduling agency. Supersonicflight may be authorized in the R-2515 High Altitude and Black MountainSupersonic Corridors (Figure 5-5). Supersonic corridors shall be scheduledand approved by the Edwards AFB Center scheduling office, DSN 527-3940.While real-time airborne coordination may be accomplished during the normalwork week, the supersonic corridors will not be available on weekends unlesspre-scheduled with the designated scheduling agency prior to close of businesson the Friday before intended use. All supersonic flights must be reportedas directed by appropriate military service directives (OPNAVINST 3710.7,AFI 13-201).

g. Airborne Radar Unit (ARU) and Airborne Warning and Control System(AWACS) Operations. See Appendix A.

h. Open Skies.

(1) The Open Skies Treaty was ratified by the United States Senate in1994. Under the terms of this treaty, signatory countries are authorizedto operate aircraft over all national territories of the visited country(i.e., United States) under the conditions outlined in the treaty. Theseconditions permit access to all United States airspace without restriction.Although the treaty has not yet entered into force, the On-Site InspectionAgency (OSIA) is conducting "mock" or training flights under the termsof the treaty. Additionally, the State Department has authorized foreignoverflights to be conducted in U.S. airspace in preparation for treatyimplementation. These foreign overflights may be conducted from eitherthe U.S. Open Skies platform (OC-135) or the visiting country's aircraft.In all of these pre-treaty flights, all conditions of the Open Skies Treaty,related to access to airspace and notification procedures are being exercisedas they would when applied to a treaty authorized Open Skies Aircraft.Treatyprovisions state that Open Skies flights take precedence over regular airtraffic and allow flights through all Special Use Airspace.

(2) CCF is responsible for notification of proposed Open Skies flightsto R-2508 Complex users/agencies. Notifications are to allow users/agenciesto take appropriate action in preparation for the proposed flight. Uponreceipt of notification of a proposed Open Skies flight, CCF will adviseusers/agenciesof the flights details through a series of messages listed below. Requestall users/agencies receiving these messages be prepared to review and modifytheir flight requirements for R-2508 Complex airspace based on the proposedoverflight window. Notice of the actual airspaces and times affected bythe Open Skies flight plan will be identified in the messages as detailsare available.

(a) General Alert. Advises of receipt of notification of the intentof an Open Skies flight to be conducted. Message will be received by theOSIA a minimum of 72 hours prior to the Open Skies flight aircraft arrivalat the Point-of Entry (POE).

(b) Initial Alert. The Open Skies initial flight plan has been submittedfor approval. This flight plan is submitted a minimum of 24 hours* beforethe flight departs the POE or if designated, Open Skies airfield (OSA)."*" These timelines are based on notification criteria between the affectedparties (OSIA and Open Skies participants) and will likely be decreasedby delays for completion of notification process to CCF and transmittalof the information to Complex users.

(c) Final Flight Plan. Approved flight plan for the Open Skies flight,normally received at least 16 hours* before the flight. Message will listR-2508 Complex airspace that will be affected by the Open Skies flightby direct overflight and/or sensor coverage. ). "*" These timelines arebased on notification criteria between the affected parties (OSIA and OpenSkies participants) and will likely be decreased by delays for completionof notification process to CCF and transmittal of the information to Complexusers.

(d) Stand Down. Confirms Open Skies flight will not impact R-2508 ComplexAirspace. Message would be received instead of the final flight plan message,if appropriate.

(e) Flight Plan Update. Sent when time permits and provides updatedflight plan and/ or times. Message will not be received if the Open Skiesaircraft flight path or expected time of arrival at R-2508 Complex boundaryhas not changed or a "Stand Down" message was received. Message will provideshort notice revision of times that R-2508 Complex airspace will be affectedby the Open Skies flight.

(f) Flight Termination. Notification that Open Skies activities areno longer authorized and the 96 hours window allowed for the flight isclosed.

i. R-2508 Situation Report.

(1) The R-2508 Situation Report, Appendix F, provides R-2508 Complexusers, controllers, and other interested parties with an informal methodto identify and report circumstances or services that enhance or degradetheir mission within the R-2508 Complex. This program does not replacethe formal reporting procedures such as the Hazardous Air Traffic Report(HATR), Operational Hazard Report (OHR), or Near Mid-Air Collision Report(NMAC); nor does it address situations that will be reported and handledas flight or controller violations. This form should not be used in thosesituations. The R-2508 Situation Report will provide R-2508 Complex managementwith informal user feedback and point out the positive aspects or neededchanges to operating policies and procedures. Support by R-2508 Complexusers is vital for this program to be effective.

(2) The process for submission of this report has been made as simpleas possible. After the submitter completes the form they need to encloseany additional information pages on top of the form, fold and staple, andmail through regular mail channels; or FAX all pages to CCF at DSN 527-4798/Commercial(661) 277-4798. Postal fees are pre-paid and printed on the back side ofthe form with the CCF address. Once the report is received by CCF the submitter,if known, will be notified of receipt and advised of disposition. Reportsare processed by the CCF for situation analysis and recommendations. TheCCB will assign appropriate action for each situation

(3) The information contained in the R-2508 Situation Report Form (AFFTCForm 5824) is for military use only and will be used for the exclusivepurpose of improving air operations within the R-2508 Complex.

(4) All users may obtain copies of the R-2508 Situation Report formby contacting the R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility at DSN 527-2508/Commercial(661) 277-2508, or by downloading it from our Website at are requested to make copies of the form available in areas readilyavailable to air crews, air traffic controllers, airspace managers, andother appropriate personnel.


a. CCF Responsibilities. CCF is the designated scheduling authorityfor the R-2508 Restricted Area, MOAs, and ATCAAs. CCF may also assist users,as necessary, in obtaining airspace within the internal restricted areas.Other responsibilities include coordinating mission requirements of allComplex users to ensure optimum airspace utilization and flight safety.TRACON is NOT AUTHORIZED to schedule or activate unscheduled R-2508 Complexairspace.

b. Airspace Scheduling. When scheduling airspace, it is important torequest only the areas and altitudes necessary. Additional altitudes andareas may be requested in flight, if required; contingent upon the statusof the airspace (activated for military use or released for joint use).When R-2508 Complex airspace is activated for military use, it will bereserved as scheduled. When airspace is not scheduled, it is released tothe FAA for joint use and two hours prior notice is required to reactivateMOA/ATCAA airspace and 15 minutes for restricted areas. FAA will not issuea work area clearance when airspace is released for joint use. Weekend/holidayoperations should be scheduled through the CCF during normal CCF operatinghours, as published in FLIP. Changes to scheduled activities after thattime must be coordinated with the CCF duty person at pager (800) 805-2851.Changes (area and/or altitude) requiring additional airspace activationmust be received at least two hours in advance to activate the airspace.Cancellations may be forwarded directly to TRACON, (661) 277-2023.

c. Aircraft Scheduling.

(1) Individual user flight schedules must be submitted to CCF by 1700(L), at least one working day prior to actual flight. Weekend flight schedulesmust be submitted to CCF prior

to 1700 (L) the Friday before the scheduled activity. Late receipt offlight schedules may result in non-availability of any or all requiredwork areas due to release of airspace to FAA for joint use. Submitted schedulesmust include:

(a) Aircraft call sign

(b) Number and type of aircraft

(c) Departure/arrival airport

(d) Altitudes required

(e) Estimated time of take-off or entry into Complex airspace

(f) Requested and/or approved airspace required. Indicate work areas(MOAs and ATCAAs) and internal restricted areas. Include scheduled times.Aircrews are responsible for confirming approval of internal restrictedareas.

(g) Established routes to be used (does not include random cut and paste)which are published in DOD FLIP (IR/VR/SR) or designated and scheduledby local users (i.e., AFFTC "Color" Routes and China Lake NVD Routes).Contact CCF for more information on location, procedures, and schedulingof locally published routes.

(h) Type mission/activity

(i) Estimated duration in the Complex airspace

(j) Mission frequency

(k) Pre-assigned squawks, when requested

(l) Special Activities

(2) R-2508 Complex scheduling requirements apply to daily routine activities,flight activities involved in special operations, and large-scale exercisesas discussed in paragraphs 4-4 and 4-5.

  1. ADDITIONS, CHANGES, OR CANCELLATIONS MUST BE RELAYED TO CCF AS SOON ASPOSSIBLE. Add-ons, call sign changes, or time slips of plus one half hourbefore or one and one half hours after proposed time of departure whichare not coordinated with CCF are considered UNSCHEDULED events. Notificationof cancellations is required to ensure release of airspace to FAA for jointuse when the airspace is not required for designated use. Changes to scheduledoperations during CCFs non-working hours may be made by contacting CCFat (800) 805-2851.
  1. It is important that aircrews file and use the same call sign as scheduledwith CCF. If call sign change occurs in flight, aircrews should advisethe controlling agency of scheduled and new call sign on initial contact.
  1. Transitioning, Participating Aircraft. Participating aircraft which havefiled a flight plan to land at NAWS China Lake or Edwards AFB, but havenot scheduled R-2508 Complex work areas, will be allowed to transit R-2508Complex airspace on a "not to interfere basis" en route to the filed destination.Aircraft will be considered VFR after crossing the R-2508 Complex boundaryinbound
ATTENTION: Call signs provided to the CCFto schedule activities in the R-2508 Complex shall not exceed 7characters/numbers and shall be the same as filed on a DD-175. Two letterabbreviated call signs such as BH01, for BLOODHOUND 01, will be interpretedand broadcast as "BRAVO HOTEL 01" by ATC. Tactical call signs shall notexceed 7 characters/numbers and shall be a pronounceable word, in accordancewith DOD FLIP, General Planning (GP), Flight Plans.


a. Scheduling Requirements. Military units requiring utilization ofR-2508 Complex airspace must comply with scheduling requirements establishedin FAA Order 7610.4 (U.S. Army AR 95-50, U.S. Navy OPNAVINST 3770.2, AFI13-201), FLIP, and this handbook.

b. Enforced Procedures. The following procedures are enforced for unscheduledaircraft attempting to use R-2508 Complex airspace.

(1) Commanders of units operating in the R-2508 Complex will be notifiedof unscheduled aircraft from their unit who arrive at the R-2508 Complex.Units failing to comply with scheduling policies may be denied access tothe R-2508 Complex.

(2) IFR aircraft may encounter extensive delays when transiting theR-2508 Complex if they are not a participating aircraft, as explained inparagraph 4-7.


a. Special Operations Definition. Special operations are defined asactivities involving one or more of the following:

(1) Aerial Refueling

(2) Anchoring/holding pattern requirements

(3) Air Intercept/ACM activities (6 to 10 aircraft)

(4) GCI Activities

(5) A concentration or continuous flow of aircraft

(6) Escorted UAV or missile flights

(7) ECM (Jamming/Chaff Corridors - Not Self Protection)

  1. ARU/Communications Ship
b. Scheduling Request. Scheduling requests for special operations mustbe submitted with at least seven working days lead time to allow all necessarycoordination/changes to be approved at least 48 hours prior to scheduledoperation. Appendixes B and C, Large Scale Exercise Planning Checklistand Standardized Input Format respectively, are designed to be copied andprovided to exercise planners as an aid in the development and coordinationof exercise requirements.

c. Lead Time. CCF has authority to designate tanker areas, ACM areas,entry/exit routes, etc., and will attempt to coordinate the operation tominimize impact on other Complex users while retaining scenario realism(Figure 4-1). Final approval authority rests with the CCB. Lead times andapproval requirements are required to allow other units to be briefed onthe operation (times, routes, altitudes, activities, etc.) and to deconflictthe proposed operation as much as possible.


a. Definition of Large Scale Exercise. Exercises involving multipleday/multiple range coordinated activities, large numbers of participatingaircraft (more than 10), long duration (in excess of 2 hours), or is verycomplex are categorized as "Large Scale." Operation planners may be requiredto comply with one or more of the procedures.

b. Planning Requirements. All large scale exercises using the R-2508Complex must coordinate with CCF a minimum of thirty (30) days in advanceof intended operations. Depending on complexity, duration, and size ofthe exercise area, exercise planners should expect to meet one or moreof the following conditions as determined by the CCB:

(1) Provide scenario of exercise plan and airspace requirements to CCFby message or FAX. Exercise planners should ensure CCF and TRACON are addressedin the exercise mission/flight planning message. Message traffic shouldbe addressed to:



(2) Brief CCB for approval or stipulations for approval.

(3) Advance coordination with FAA (ARTCCs, TRACON), Military Representativesto the FAA, CCF, and/or other special use airspace agencies.

(4) Generation of an operations plan covering detailed operating proceduresto which the range agency and CCF will have direct input.

(5) Special frequency management liaison.

(6) Set up a group briefing for all participating aircrews.

c. Points of Contact. Most large scale exercises require the use ofairspace/land ranges managed by various members of the JPPB. Planners mustformulate the desired exercise plan along with alternative options as earlyas possible in order to coordinate mission requirements and negotiate exerciseapproval. Most airspace coordination may be handled through CCF and agencieslisted in paragraph 4-1. The following list provides organizations whichmay require separate or additional liaison.


Air Force Representative to the FAA DSN 833-0481

Western-Pacific Region (310) 725-3900

Navy Representative to the FAA DSN 833-1247

Western-Pacific Region (310) 725-3910

Army Representative to the FAA DSN 833-1250

Western-Pacific Region (310) 725-3908

Los Angeles ARTCC Military Liaison DSN 640-1290

(661) 265-8280

Oakland ARTCC Military Liaison DSN 730-1595

(510) 745-3334

High Desert TRACON DSN 527-2023

(661) 277-2023

Western Area Frequency Coordinator DSN 351-7983

(661) 488-1249

d. CCF Coordination. Because of the extensive knowledge and experiencein dealing with large scale exercises, the CCF provides sound suggestionsregarding placement of tankers, AWACS/E-2, ACM areas, etc. (Figure 4-1).It is highly recommended CCF be used to its fullest capability. Early contactwith CCF can prevent major changes to initial plans.


a. Flight Plan Filing. Refer to DOD Flight Information Publication (FLIP)for flight plan filing requirements to land at installations located withinthe R-2508 Complex. All aircrews filing to land or scheduled to operatein the Complex must understand and operate in accordance with the R-2508Complex concept explained in paragraph 4-7.

b. Flight Plan Procedures. All scheduled operations originating outsidethe R-2508 Complex shall file in accordance with the following proceduresunless the flight will terminate at an installation within the R-2508 Complex.These procedures shall be followed to ensure availability of an IFR clearancewhen flights are ready to RTB. Failure to comply may result in a delayin the Complex while TRACON attempts to obtain an IFR clearance.

(1) DD Form 175, Military Flight Plan.

(a) IFR - File two IFR legs or flight plans, one to enter and one todepart the R-2508 Complex. To ensure proper flight plan processing forTRACON, flights not intending to land within the R-2508 Complex shouldfile "R-2508" as the destination in the arrival route of flight and thefirst fix of the return flight plan/leg, Figure 4-2. Aircraft landing ordeparting an airport within the R-2508 Complex should file the airportas the destination and/or departure point of the flight plan. The fix ofintended entry into the R-2508 Complex, and the fix of intended exit fromthe R-2508 Complex should be a R-2508 entry/exit fix as listed below, anddepicted in Figure 3-8. This does not preclude ATC from clearing aircraftto enter or exit at other R-2508 Complex boundary locations.

EXAMPLE: (See Figure 4-2) for an arrival: NFL..OAL..EWALD..R-2508

for a departure: R-2508..EWALD..OAL..NFL.

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (10)

Figure 4-2

R-2508 Complex Entry/Exit Points


EWALD BTY 274/071 37°12¢00²N/118°07¢48²W

JENID BTY 175/027 36°21¢30²N/116°51¢03²W

HEINY BTY 154/058 35°51¢30²N/116°32¢18²W

HAMBO BTY 283/050 37°12¢00²N/117°38¢33²W

HARNE BTY 274/027 36°55¢30²N/117°10¢33²W

ROSIE PMD 317/015 34°51¢09²N/118°12¢23²W

DAGGS EDW 076/038 34°58¢45²N/116°57¢00²W

CHADS EDW 277/47 35°15¢00²N/118°34¢30²W

ROMOF NID 267/044 35°49¢00²N/118°35¢03²W

MITEL CZQ 086/061 36°41¢15²N/118°34¢23²W

KIOTE NLC 062/068 36°34¢20²N/118°35¢24²W

SWOOP NLC 075/067 36°19¢00²N/118°35¢04²W

* TACAN (NID) un-monitored when China Lake airfield closed.

(b) VFR - Flights may file VFR to the R-2508 Complex boundaries, butmust obtain an Work Area clearance from TRACON/SPORT (Figure 3-3) priorto conducting operations in the R-2508 Complex. Advise TRACON/SPORT priorto departing R-2508 Complex airspace.

(2) Flight plan filing does not relieve the aircrew of the responsibilityfor scheduling appropriate airspace with CCF.

4-7. FLYING PROCEDURES. The R-2508 Complex operational procedures requireunderstanding and familiarity by all Complex users. Due to the Complex'suniqueness, special operating procedures have been established. All usersshall be aware of procedures and restrictions as they may have an adverseeffect on planned operations. All users of the R-2508 Complex shall complywith the following procedures, unless otherwise coordinated.

a. General.

(1) Users shall be briefed and knowledgeable of R-2508 Complex operatingprocedures applicable to their mission. COMMANDERS OF UNITS FLYING IN THER-2508 COMPLEX ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ENSURING THEIR AIRCREWS ARE PROPERLYBRIEFED. Users include transients to installations located within the R-2508Complex. CCF shall provide briefings through telephone contact with individualflights or face-to-face briefings for large groups. Civilian aircraft operatingunder an R-2508 Complex Letter of Agreement (LOA) are required to complywith the operating procedures defined herein, except as modified by theterms of the LOA.

(2) Participating Aircraft. Military aircraft under the command of orsponsored by the Navy, Air Force, or Army members of the JPPB and civilianaircraft under LOA approval of the R-2508 CCB that accept the terms andconditions of the R-2508 Complex briefing.

(3) Non-Participating Aircraft. Military aircraft that cannot complywith the terms of the R-2508 Complex briefing. These aircraft shall beprovided IFR services as specified in FAA 7110.65 and FAAO 7610.4 on anon- interference basis. Delays may be expected.

b. Specific Procedures. These operating procedures apply to militaryaircraft and other authorized flight activities (in accordance with anapproved Letter of Agreement) which operate within R-2508, MOAs, ATCAAs,and internal restricted areas as participating aircraft.

(1) All aircraft within R-2508, MOAs or ATCAAs shall operate VFR. Ifunable to maintain VFR, aircraft shall advise TRACON (call sign "JOSHUAAPPROACH"), China Lake Airspace Surveillance Center (ASC) (call sign "CHINACONTROL") or Edwards AFB Radar Control Facility (call sign "SPORT"/frequency272.0 MHz/132.75 MHz) and request an amended Work Area clearance from VFRto IFR to reach VFR conditions.


The only condition under which a participating aircraft will be issuedan IFR clearance to continue operations within the R-2508 Complex, is ifthe aircraft encounters weather conditions which are below the minimumfor flight under VFR, and the aircrew is unable to proceed under VFR. Thepurpose of an IFR clearance is to position the aircraft in weather conditionswhich permit VFR, to exit the area to return to base if unable to locateVFR conditions. After re-encountering VFR weather, the aircrew shall beresponsible for canceling IFR clearance.

(2) Operate on the concept of "SEE and AVOID." Scheduling or receivinga clearance to operate within the R-2508 Complex does not constitute exclusiveuse of the area.

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(3) Aircraft shall accept traffic advisories from TRACON, CHINA CONTROL,or SPORT (unless otherwise coordinated). Traffic advisories, safety alerts,and boundary calls shall be issued by controllers on a workload permittingbasis.

(a) Aircraft operating in support of R-2505, R-2506, or R-2524 operationswill normally be provided radar advisory service by CHINA CONTROL.

(b) Aircraft operating in support of R-2515 operations will be providedradar advisory service by SPORT.


When no longer under control of SPORT or CHINA CONTROL, aircraftshall be advised to contact TRACON to continue operations within the R-2508Complex or to exit the R-2508 Complex.

(4) All aircraft operating in the R-2508 Complex are required to havean operational transponder and Mode C unless otherwise coordinated. Aircraftshallremain on the ATC assigned transponder code while operating in the R-2508Complex unless otherwise directed by ATC. The flight leader for standardformation flights will set his transponder for normal squawk and wingmanwill squawk standby. Upon break-away into elements or individual flights,the element leader or individual aircrew is required to set transponderin accordance with the following:

(a) Advise TRACON of break-away element's call sign(s), number and typeaircraft, and request code assignment.

(b) Advise TRACON if traffic calls are required between elements.

(5) Flights shall maintain two-way radio communications with ATC onthe appropriate frequency unless otherwise coordinated. It is desired thatintraflight communications be carried out on a secondary radio.

c. Operating Procedures.

(1) All aircraft shall obtain a Work Area clearance prior to operatingwithin the R-2508 Complex. The Work Area clearance to operate within theR-2508 Restricted Area MOAs/ATCAAs does not constitute authorityto enter Restricted Area R-2502N, R-2502E, R-2505, R-2506, R-2515 or R-2524.It shall be the pilot's responsibility to obtain approval to enter theseRestricted Areas from the appropriate Using Agency.

(a) All flights shall contact TRACON on a Work Area frequency (Figures3-3 and 3-4) prior to Complex entry and exit. Initial contact shall includea request for a Work Area clearance and altitudes.

(b) TRACON will issue appropriate clearances. THIS WORK AREA CLEARANCEALLOWS FLIGHTS TO OPERATE VFR IN THE R-2508 COMPLEX. As with any Work Areaclearance, aircrews are responsible for remaining within the vertical andlateral confines defined by the clearance. If the aircraft leaves the verticalor lateral confines of the clearance a flight violation may be filed. Aircrewsissued Work Area clearance altitudes lower than mission requirements shouldrequest higher from TRACON. Some delay may be encountered for higher altitude.

  1. Aircraft shall remain on the assigned LOCAL altimeter whileoperating in the R-2508 Complex regardless of altitude. Appendix D listfacility altimeter to use in specific areas.
  2. Participating aircraft departing the R-2508 Complex shall maintain VFRuntil crossing the R-2508 Complex boundary.
  1. Flight crews are responsible for obtaining an enroute clearance prior todeparting Complex boundaries IFR. If departing VFR, advise TRACON.
  2. TRACON is not responsible for providing IFR separation between participatingIFR and VFR traffic operating in the R-2508 Complex.
  1. TRACON shall provide IFR separation between all IFR participants and thosenon-participating aircraft operating on an IFR clearance.
  1. Active and Inactive Monitoring of Mission Frequencies.

Active/Inactive monitoring is dependent upon availability of radioresources at TRACON.

(a) Active Monitoring. TRACON tune transceiver to mission frequencyrequested, listen on the frequency, and make traffic/boundary calls onmission frequency. Continuous direct pilot to controller communicationson mission frequency.

(b) Inactive Monitoring. TRACON tune transceiver to mission frequencyrequested but do not listen on frequency. Traffic and boundary calls willbe made on mission frequency as needed. Direct pilot to controller communicationsrequire pilot switch to ATC frequency (i.e., amended clearances, aircrewrequest, or prior to exiting the R-2508 Complex).

(8) Aircraft not operating on a mission/tactical frequency shall, unlessotherwise advised, monitor the appropriate work area ATC discrete frequency(Figures 3-3 and 3-4).

(9) Maneuvering Areas

(a) When using Maneuvering Areas (Figure 4-1) for ACM or any other missionrequiring extensive maneuvering, advise TRACON of the area. When conductingACM, aircrews should be aware of noise sensitive areas that must be avoidedto the maximum possible extent, see paragraph 3-3.c.

(b) When transiting Maneuvering Areas en route to work areas or RTB,make every effort to use ridgeline transit routes (Figure 4-1) or fly below5000' AGL to deconflict with possible maneuvering activities.

(10) Low Level Flying

(a) Low level flying activities are conducted at altitudes below theradar horizon and in areas with marginal communications coverage. Thisreduces the ability of TRACON to provide traffic advisories.

(b) To assist aircrews in avoiding traffic conflicts, a dedicated lowlevel UHF frequency, 315.9 MHz, has been established. In the interestof safety, it is strongly suggested that aircrews utilize this frequencywhen operating in the low level structure, especially when approachingridge crossings or the saddle at Hunter Mountain between the Panamint andSaline MOAs.

The procedures for using this frequency are similar to UNICOM in conceptand allows an aircrew to inform other aircrews of their mission and intentions,and to coordinate/deconflict as necessary. THIS FREQUENCY IS NOTMONITORED BY TRACON.

(c) Procedures. The following procedures have been implemented to enhanceflight safety within the R-2508 Complex and should be used by aircrewsinvolved in sustained flight at low altitudes.

1 All aircraft engaged in low level flying should monitor 315.9MHz when engaged in flight activities below 1500' AGL in the R-2508 Complexwork areas.

2 Aircrews shall check in and out on an ATC frequency (Figures3-3 and 3-4) with TRACON and request to change to the low level frequency.Dual radio aircraft shall continue to monitor appropriate ATC or missionfrequency.

3 Calls will be made in the blind using call sign, number andtype aircraft, area entering/departing, and direction of flight.

4 Transmissions on the low level frequency are normally confinedto:

a Initial check in when entering Panamint, Saline, Owens, andKern River Valleys; Owens Dry Lake; and Walker Pass.

b Calls necessary to deconflict traffic when two missions areoperating in the same area.

c Checking out of an area or from low level flight.

5 In cases where multi-ship flights include aircraft equippedwith a single radio, one aircraft should be equipped with multiple radios.This aircraft is responsible for monitoring the low level frequency andproviding the necessary coordination to the single radio aircraft in theflight to deconflict the flight's activities with other aircraft operatingin the area.

  1. A communication relay has been established with land management agencyaircraft (Forest Service, Park Service and Bureau of Land Management) tomonitor the R-2508 Low-Level Frequency, 315.9 MHz, when within communicationscoverage of the US Forest Service Sherman Peak and Silver Peak radio communicationssites. This relay allows a land management aircraft broadcast on 168.625MHz to be rebroadcast to military aircraft on 315.9 MHz, permitting two-waycommunications between the military and fire fighting aircraft.

a. Scheduling Requirements. Guidelines for operating UAVs are containedin Appendix E. Basically, UAVs may be authorized to operate within R-2508Complex on a case by case basis. Contact the appropriate scheduling agency(see paragraph 4.1) for the affected restricted area(s) where you desireto operate a UAV. Contact the R-2508 Central Coordinating Facility to coordinateoperations in the work areas or R-2508.

b. Work Area Clearance. Chase aircraft pilots are required to obtainthe appropriate Work Area clearance, and monitor the appropriate ATC frequencyfor traffic advisories and boundary calls.




a. Area Description - R-2502N/R-2502E consists of five separate areas(Figure 5-1):

(1) Southern Engagement Corridor. Force-on-Force battle simulation area.

(2) Central Engagement Corridor. Force-on-Force battle simulation area.

(3) Live Fire Exercise Corridor. This area contains computerized, pop-up,direct fire artillery and close air support targets. During Live Fire Exercise,actual battle conditions are closely simulated with artillery fire, tanks,and troops advancing against the computerized arrays supported by attackhelicopters and with jet aircraft close air support targets.

(4) Leach Lake Air Gunnery Range. This range is used for maneuveringby Army, Air Force, and Navy flying units providing Close Air Support (CAS)during rotational periods. Live/inert ordnance may only be dropped in supportof NTC rotations. During non-rotational periods overflight of Leach Lakemust be scheduled as outlined in paragraph 4-1c. Leach Lake is locatedin the northern portion of R-2502N and is defined by the following coordinates:

Beginning at 35°30¢40²N/116°55¢33²W

thence direct 35°32¢40²N/116°30¢03"W

thence direct 35°38¢N/116°30¢03"W

thence direct 35°38¢40²N/116°55¢36²W

thence direct to point of beginning.

(5) Goldstone Deep Space Tracking Facility. The Goldstone Facility isan area of intense electromagnetic and other radiation hazards that mustbe avoided. The facility lies on the western boundary of R-2502N (Figure5-1). Overflight is to be avoided below 15,000' MSL. Overflight above 15,000'MSL must be coordinated with the R-2508 CCF (see FLIP AP1, "Flight Hazards",California, for further information).

b. Command and Control Facilities. Initial contact with Army FlightFollowing Service is required prior to entering R-2502N or R-2502E.Aircraftmust be in contact with and under the control of one of the following agencies:

(1) Army Flight Following Service (AFFS), Ft Irwin. AFFS (call sign"Desert Radio") is the primary control facility for R-2502Nand R-2502E. AFFS is operational 24 hours a day 7 days a week and theirfrequencies are UHF 241.0, VHF 126.2, and FM 41.50.

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (11)

(2) NTC Ft Irwin Airspace Control Center (NACC/Sundance). NTC Ft IrwinAirspace Control Center (NACC/Sundance) is a multi-function Air Force elementthat serves as a focal point for close-air support activities. Functionsinclude airspace procedural control and direct airspace coordination/deconflictionwith Operations Group and Desert Radio AFFS. The NACC has UHF, VHF, andFM radios available and is manned one hour prior to the first time-on-targetuntil 30 minutes past the last flight's departure from R-2502N/R-2502E,or as required. If a flight is approved and the NACC is not operating,contact Desert Radio AFFS.

c. Scheduling. Requests for use of ranges and training areas will besubmitted to Range Scheduling no later than 5 working daysprior to the desired use date. All aircraft operations within R-2502N andR-2502E require coordination with Bicycle Lake AAF Operations. PPRs shallbe obtained 72 hours in advance to allow for required coordination. PPRsmay be obtained by contacting Bicycle Lake AAF Operations, DSN 470-4320/6816.CONTACT CCF TO SCHEDULE THE MOAs FOR ENTRY/EXIT.

d. Special Procedures. Air Warrior Aircrews deploying in support ofNTC Ft Irwin exercises will receive a local orientation briefing beforeconducting NTC Ft Irwin operations. The briefing is conducted by the 549JTS at Nellis AFB (DSN 682-4262/4060/5561). Familiarization rides in R-2502N/R-2502E will be flown in Southern/Central/Live Fire Corridors beforeCAS missions are flown. All helicopter aircrews shall be briefed,by the NTC Installation Safety Officer, prior to flight in R-2502N andR-2502E.

(1) Coordination Altitudes. Coordination altitudes in R-2502N/R-2502Eare 200'/300' AGL. Fixed wing aircraft will remain above 300' AGL unlessspecific authorization has been obtained from Bicycle Lake Operations.Helicopters will remain below 200' AGL unless coordinated and approvedby Bicycle Lake Operations and NACC.

Additional restrictions are as follows:

(a) Overflight of helicopter routes by fixed wing aircraft will be above300'AGL. Helicopter administrative routes parallel paved roads with some exceptions(Figure 5-1).

(b) Overflight of Goldstone area must be coordinated with CCF.

(c) Overflight of NTC Ft Irwin cantonment and Ammo Supply Point (NU292984)is prohibited.

(d) Overflight of Bicycle Lake AAF with ordnance is prohibited.

(e) Overflight of Bicycle Lake AAF by fixed wing aircraft is restrictedto above 5,500¢ MSL unless coordinated and approved by Desert Radio.Air Warrior aircraft may request approval through Sundance.

(2) Helicopter Operations. All helicopter entries will be coordinatedby PPR and a briefing will be given at that time on entry procedures. Allexercise helicopters will land at Bicycle Lake AAF for a local area briefingprior to further flight on the reservation. This briefing must be coordinatedand scheduled in advance. Helicopters will monitor at least one DesertRadio frequency at all times and will be provided with current range andfixed wing traffic information as well as flight following service.


a. Area Description. Restricted Area R-2505 is restricted from surfaceto unlimited on a continuous basis and is subdivided into five primaryranges (Figure 5-2). The primary mission of these ranges is the Research,Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) of weapons and weapons systems.Located within R-2505 are six bombing ranges, one guided missile range,and numerous ground ranges and arenas. The six bombing ranges contain instrumenttargets for air-to-surface, air-to-air, and surface-to-air firings. Remotelypiloted aircraft (NOLOs) are sometimes used as targets. The target complexin the COSO and BAKER ranges contain targets for air-to-surface bombingand strafing by fleet and development activities. A rocket engine testcomplex and explosives test complex for experimental rocket engines andwarheads occupies the southeast corner of the GEORGE Range complex. A parachutedrop area is also located in GEORGE Range. Armitage Airfield is locatedwithin the southern part of the R-2505 ranges and requires specific entryand departure procedures to avoid restricted range activities (FLIP AP1).

b. Command and Control. The separate ranges within R-2505 each havea designated mission frequency. Depending on the type mission, range controllerswill either monitor the mission or provide precision vectors and rangeasset coordination. All aircraft using R-2505 ranges will check in withAirspace Surveillance Center (ASC), call sign "CHINA CONTROL" on appropriatefrequency. CHINA CONTROL will advise the aircraft to contact the appropriatetest conductor and will continue to monitor the frequency and provide radaradvisory service.

c. Scheduling.

(1) Requests for use of R-2505 will be made to the Test Management Office(see paragraph 4-1) or by message in accordance with NAWCWPNSINST 3710.5.A Test Manager will be assigned to coordinate approval for the requesteduse. Test Manager support will include the following, as appropriate:

(a) Development and approval of a test plan.

(b) Guidance pertaining to reimbursement costs for China Lake support.

(c) Scheduling of appropriate China Lake airspace and range assets.


Aircrews are responsible for scheduling required R-2508 Complex WorkAreas with the CCF.

(d) Scheduling of airspace, range, and course rules briefing as required.

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (12)

(2) Requests for use of R-2505 (airspace use only) should be directedto the Range Scheduling Office (paragraph 4-1.). All aircrews scheduledto operate in R-2505 must receive a range briefing prior to operating inR-2505.

d. Special Procedures.

(1) PPRs are necessary to land at Armitage Field. To obtain a PPR andto arrange for transient support services, contact the NAWS China LakeFleet Liaison Office (DSN 437-5523/5464).

(2) Transit to/from R-2505 and Armitage Airfield requires schedulingand receipt of a Work Area clearance (Chapter 4).


a. Area Description. R-2506 is restricted from the surface to 6,000¢MSL (1400' to 3700' AGL from the highest and lowest obstructions, respectively)from sunrise to sunset, Monday through Friday (Figure 5-2). The primarymission is to provide airspace to maneuver for high-speed, low altituderun-in flights to targets located within R-2505. This area is also usedto route noise-abatement departures from Armitage Field on a non-interferencebasis.

b. Command and Control. Radar advisory service for R-2505 range activitiesutilizing R-2506 is provided by the China Lake ASC (CHINA CONTROL/frequency301.0 MHz).

c. Scheduling. R-2506 is scheduled in accordance with procedures assignedfor R-2505 (paragraph 4-1).

d. Special Procedures. For real-time transit of R-2506, contact CHINACONTROL on 301.0/128.25 MHz or if unable, contact CHINA LAKE TOWER on 340.2/120.15MHz.


a. Area Description.

(1) Restricted Area R-2524 is restricted from surface to unlimited ona continuous basis and encompasses the Electronic Combat Range (ECR), SuperiorValley, and the Mojave B North target area (Figure 5-3).

(2) The ECR with its complexes known as ECHO Range, is located throughoutthe restricted area R-2424 and provides a simulated hostile land and seasurface-to-air weapons installation. The instrumented range supports Researchand Development, Operational Test and Evaluation, Radar Warning Receiver(RWR) systems, Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM) systems, and EW training. MostECHO missions require full use of R-2524.

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (13)

(3) Mojave B North target area (located in the northern part of R-2524)contains two convoy targets and a simulated airfield with aircraft targetsthat are for use with inert ordnance only.

b. Command and Control. ECHO provides a test team for control of test/missionaircraft and control of ground-based threat simulation in accordance withtest parameters. All aircraft utilizing R-2524 ranges will check-in withthe China Lake Airspace Surveillance Center, call sign CHINA CONTROL onappropriate frequency. CHINA CONTROL will hand-off aircraft to the appropriaterange controller and will continue to monitor the flight and provide radaradvisory service. Additional control for Mojave B North consists of a groundor airborne safety observer.

c. Requests and Scheduling.

(1) Requests for use of ECHO will be made by contacting the ECR TestOperations Branch (paragraph 4-1) or by message in accordance with NAWCWPNSINST3710.5.

(2) Request for use of R-2524 (airspace only) should be forwarded directlyto the ECR Scheduling Office (paragraph 4-1). Real-time requests for overflightmay be made through the TRACON (JOSHUA APPROACH).

(3) In all cases (except requests for airspace only) a Test Managerwill be assigned to coordinate and obtain approval, as appropriate. TheTest Manager will aid in the development of a test plan, provide rangecost information, and coordinate scheduling of airspace and range assets.

d. Special Procedures. R-2524 is bordered on the south and east by otherrestricted areas and on the west and north by Panamint MOA/ATCAA. Normaltransit to/from R-2524 through adjacent Complex airspace requires appropriatescheduling and approval in accordance with procedures outlined in Chapter4. Refer to appropriate procedures outlined in this chapter for transitcoordination for other restricted areas.


Aircrews are responsible for scheduling required R-2508 Complex WorkAreas with the CCF.


a. Area Description.

(1) The Superior Valley Tactical Training Range (Figures 5-3 & 5-4),is situated within R-2524 and is located 41 miles southeast of the mainNaval Air Weapons Station

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (14)

(NAWS) complex. The Range is operated by the Naval Air Warfare CenterWeapons Division (NAWCWPNS), Electronic Combat Range (ECR), and has approximately76 square miles of secluded land and airspace. The area is restricted fromsurface to unlimited on a continuous basis. Superior Valley coordinatesare:

Beginning at 35°15¢56²N/117°12¢27²W;

thence direct 35°25¢00²N/117°12¢27²W;

thence direct 35°25¢00²N/116°55¢23"W;

thence direct 35°15¢56²N/116°55¢23²W;

thence direct to point of beginning.

(2) The Superior Valley Tactical Training Range has over 60 diversetargets, including surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), antiaircraft artillery(AAA), and convoy targets. All targets are available for inert ordnancedelivery only. The Range consists of a Range Operations Center, a maincontrol tower, two flank towers, a photovoltaic power production facility,a helicopter pad, a target storage facility, and four main targeting areas.They are: the Northwest Target Complex, the Conventional and AlternateBombing Circles, the Southeast Airfield Target Complex and the Low-/High-AngleStrafe Pit. This range will be fully scored in FY97.

b. Command and Control.

The Range Control Officer (RCO) controls range entry and departures,supervises air operations, monitors safety, and allocates the use of thetarget complexes within the Range.

c. Requests and Scheduling.

(1) The ECR Test Operations Branch will schedule all daily activityat the Superior Valley Range. The normal working hours of the ECR are Mondaythrough Thursday, 0630 (L) -1630 (L). Scheduling of range periods for U.S.Navy Fleet users will be provided by SFWSP, NAS Lemoore, California tothe ECR Test Operations Branch 10 days before the week requested. NAS Lemooresquadrons will have priority up to the 10-day deadline. Remaining rangeperiods will be made available to other agencies after the 10-day deadline.Cancellations should be made no later than 48 hours before the flight.Scheduling of Superior Valley does not include the remaining R-2524 airspace.Requests for use of R-2524 airspace will be coordinated on a not-to-interferebasis.

(2) Request for use of R-2524 assets in conjunction with Superior Valleymust be coordinated with an ECR Test Manager.

  1. Special Procedures. Superior Valley is bordered on the north and west byR-2524, R-2502N to the east and R-2515 to the south. Normal transit toSuperior Valley through R-2524 is achieved by either the Cuddeback north/southcorridors or the Echo Bypass (Figure 5-4). Transit through adjacent Complexairspace requires appropriate scheduling and approval in accordance withprocedures outlined in Chapter 4. Refer to appropriate procedures outlinedin this chapter for transit coordination for other restricted areas.

a. Area Description.

(1) Restricted Area R-2515 (Figure 5-5) is restricted from the surfaceto unlimited on a continuous basis. The area encompasses Edwards AFB andextends north and east to the borders of R-2524 and R-2502N.

(2) R-2515 contains various instrument ranges and special use areas(i.e., Spin Areas, Supersonic Corridors, Drop Zones, etc.). The area isused for a variety of flight test operations which require a high degreeof eyes-in-the-cockpit flying. UAV's are also flown in the area.

(3) Each aircrew is responsible for remaining clear of special use areas.This requires detailed knowledge of the area and is the basis for outsideusers being briefed and scheduled. Detailed descriptions of the variousspecial use areas are provided in AFFTC Instruction 11-1. A copy may beobtained from the Airspace Manager (paragraph 4-1).

b. Air Traffic Control Services.

(1) SPORT, frequency 272.0/132.75 MHz, provides radar traffic and safetyadvisories to all participating aircraft within R-2515. Pre-mission briefingis required with SPORT, DSN 527-3928/3931, prior to flying test missionsor using special use areas within R-2515.

(2) Mission details must be thoroughly coordinated to ensure adequatebriefings are obtained concerning airspace use and scheduled mission profiles.

c. Scheduling.

(1) Repeated use of R-2515 airspace to conduct flight operations ortransit, requires a Letter of Agreement with AFFTC. Limited periods ofuse may be permitted without formal written agreement when deemed appropriateby AFFTC. The initial coordination POC is the R-2515 Airspace Manager,DSN 527-2446 (paragraph 4-1).

(2) Requests for scheduled crossing of R-2515 may be directed to theAFFTC Scheduling Office, DSN 527-4110 (paragraph 4-1).

(3) All non-assigned aircraft, military or civilian, with a requirementto operate from Edwards AFB on any type of support mission, regardlessof agency or project being supported, must contact the AFFTC/XR (by messageor phone DSN 527-3837 or 661-277-3837) at least 20 days prior for approvaland assignment of a sponsor/project officer.

incorporating changes for new hndbk 93 (15)

(4) Special use areas (i.e., Supersonic Corridor, Spin Areas, AlphaCorridor, Precision Impact Range Area, and Aerial Refueling Area) may bescheduled for use by non-AFFTC users. An airspace briefing from theR-2515 Airspace Manager is required. Availability is based upon higherpriority AFFTC missions. Some reimbursable cost may be imposed.

d. Special Procedures.

(1) A PPR is required for landing at Edwards AFB. To obtain a PPR andairspace briefing, contact Edwards AFB Base Operations (DSN 527-2222 or661-277-2222). Consult FLIP AP/1 for further restrictions and informationfor landing at Edwards AFB. Also, an R-2508 Complex briefing may be obtainedfrom the CCF, DSN 527-2508 or 661-277-2508.

(2) Participating aircraft are VFR crossing the R-2515 boundary.

(Video) 2022 State of the Medical Device Industry: Quality, Biocompatibility, and Changing Regulations


What are Ofsted looking for 2022? ›

Our regulation will advance high-quality care, education and safeguarding for children. Proportionate and risk-based regulation of early years and children's social care is critical to ensuring good outcomes for children.

Does Ofsted look at schemes of work? ›

Inspectors will look at pupils' work. They won't grade individual pieces of work or teachers, or evaluate their marking schemes. The purpose is to evaluate whether pupils know more and can do more, and whether the knowledge and skills learned are well sequenced and developed incrementally.

Do ECTS get observed by Ofsted? ›

Ofsted will not have any say in the outcome of your induction period, and will not be assessing you as an individual if they watch you teach.

What do Ofsted look for in teaching assistants? ›

What will Ofsted look for? Inspectors must evaluate the use of and contribution made by teaching assistants. They should consider whether teaching assistants are clear about their role and knowledgeable about the pupils they support.

What changes must be notified to Ofsted? ›

Examples of significant events

an incident where a child or children may have been at risk of harm, for example: you were involved in a car accident when transporting children and the police are investigating a possible offence. a child was able to leave a setting or was missing for any period.

What are the 3 I's for Ofsted? ›

What are the Ofsted 3 I's? Within the new Ofsted framework, the 3 I's stand for “Intent, Implementation and Impact.” They're a three-part formula, introduced in 2019 and nested within the Quality of Education assessment – one of four key judgement categories.

What 5 things must be included in the scheme of work? ›

  • An outline of what will be covered, and in which lessons.
  • References to the curriculum you've chosen to cover.
  • A list of resources and activities to be used in lessons.
  • Guidance on best teaching methods for covering certain areas.
  • Room to grow and evolve as the department or school changes.

What can trigger an Ofsted? ›

For example, Ofsted could investigate complaints about: The quality of education provided by the school or early years setting and the standards achieved. Inadequate provision for pupils with SEN. Neglect of pupils' personal development and well-being.

Can Ofsted just turn up unannounced? ›

Notice period for this type of inspection is half-a-day but Ofsted reserves the right to make an unannounced visit. If the inspector judges that provision has declined since the last inspection the visit will be deemed as section 5.

Can you fail ECT year? ›

You cannot fail your ECF -based training

ECF -based training is a professional development programme. It is not an assessment tool and you cannot fail any part of it. You should engage with your ECF -based training as fully as possible, but failing to complete it will not mean you fail your induction.

How much do ECT teachers get paid? ›

For the 2021 / 22 year your ECT salary for an inner London district, such as Lambeth, will be £32,157 per year, before tax. This figure starts at £25,714 for those outside London and is between the two figures for those in Outer London (£29,915) or what's known as the London Fringe (£26,948).

How many hours should an ECT teach a week? ›

Many schools provide pupils with 25 hours of lesson time per week. Following the PPA requirements, in this instance, the teachers would not teach more than 22.5 hours per week.

What can a teaching assistant not do? ›

It's very important that teaching assistant don't interrupt the teacher when they are explaining and teaching the whole class. Don't talk and distract school pupils in lessons when a teacher has asked pupils to put their pens and pencils down and listen to the teacher in lessons.

What strengths should a teaching assistant have? ›

What are the qualities required to be a teaching assistant?
  • Good communication skills with the ability to communicate clearly to teachers and students.
  • Active listening skills.
  • Compassion and sensitivity towards children.
  • Knowledge of the curriculum.
  • Ability to use a computer.
  • Can work well under pressure.

What are the 5 most important characteristics of a quality education assistant? ›

If you are planning to apply as an EA, here are five qualities your employer will look out for:
  • 1) Effective Communication Skills. ...
  • 2) Increased Patience Working with Students. ...
  • 3) Organized Management Skills. ...
  • 4) Flexibility in Different Roles. ...
  • 5) Compassion and Empathy for Others' Success.
15 Jan 2021

Does a new head trigger Ofsted? ›

Ofsted inspections are triggered differently depending on whether you're a 'new' or established school, your previous rating, whether any concerns have been raised about the school and any other data which Ofsted holds about your setting.

What happens if Ofsted requires improvement? ›

Schools judged 'requires improvement'

A school judged as requires improvement at its last inspection is a school that is not yet good but overall provides an acceptable standard of education. The school will receive a graded inspection again within a period of 30 months.

Do you need to inform Ofsted of a new manager? ›

You must tell Ofsted about changes to those responsible for a daycare organisation, and for a home where daycare takes place, and also who is living or working there.

What are the 3 R's of assessment? ›

The 3rs are: i) Replacement (use of non-‐animal over animal methods, whenever possible, to achieve the same scientific aims); (ii) Reduction (using the lowest number of animals necessary to achieve reliable scientific results); (iii) Refinement (use of methods that alleviate or minimise potential pain, suffering or ...

What are Ofsted looking for now? ›

The new OFSTED framework has moved away from data-heavy inspections and now includes a judgment based on quality of education. This includes the 3 I's; Intent (how the curricula is designed and sequenced), Implementation (how that curricula is taught) and Impact (the achievement of pupils).

What do Ofsted ask middle leaders? ›

This resource includes questions Ofsted might ask middle leaders about:
  • Personal development.
  • Behaviour and attitudes.
  • Leadership and management.
  • Capacity to improve.
  • Safeguarding.

How do you write an objective for a scheme of work? ›

Ideally lesson objectives should be SMART: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relative and Timely. Only at the end of the lesson, or series of lessons, will you know for sure if your lesson objective was specific enough to be measured through some form of assessment.

What are the characteristics of a good scheme of work? ›

Here's the list of what I've always looked for:
  • It must address the requirements laid down by the District or State or Government. ...
  • It should be appropriate but challenging. ...
  • It must be relevant. ...
  • There should be lots of opportunities for developing projects or mini-projects. ...
  • It should have built-in training opportunities.
3 Mar 2015

How far behind are Ofsted? ›

In practice, Ofsted is about 18 months behind in its inspection volumes.

What are the 4 Ofsted judgements? ›

The new Ofsted framework renewed the key judgement categories examined by inspectors during school visits. The four areas that exist now are: quality of education, behaviour and attitudes, personal development, and leadership and management.

Can you Whistleblow to Ofsted? ›

If you're an employee at a children's social care organisation and you want to whistleblow to Ofsted: call our whistleblowing hotline on 0300 1233155 (8am to 6pm, Monday to Friday) email

Can parents speak to Ofsted? ›

A: Ofsted Parent View can accept free text comments during the period of inspection of a school, starting from the time an inspection has been announced to a school. This enables parents and carers to provide additional information about their responses to the previous 'closed' questions.

Do Ofsted look at safeguarding? ›

Inspecting and reporting on safeguarding concerns. 46. Inspectors may identify safeguarding concerns about an early years setting, school or further education and skills provider during an inspection. The concerns may also be brought to the attention of an inspector or Ofsted before or during an inspection.

Can you write to Ofsted anonymously? ›

If you are not satisfied with the response you received from the provider you can contact Ofsted direct on 0300 123 4666. It is important to remember that if you do not want to give your name when making a complaint to Ofsted, you can choose to remain anonymous.

Can inadequate schools take ECTs? ›

Your ECT Induction can be completed in most schools throughout the country. The only schools you can't complete your induction is within a school that has been graded 'Inadequate' by OFSTED.

How many hours should an ECT teach? ›

Directed time is the hours your head teacher can direct what activities you undertake. Teachers should be available for work on 195 days a year, 190 of which are for teaching pupils. Across the academic year, your directed hours are 1265, or pro-rata for part-time staff.

Does ECT pay go up in second year? ›

From September 2023, the STRB recommends a further uplift to salaries outside of London, from a 7.1 per cent increase for ECTs in their first year of teaching, to a 3 per cent increase for teachers at the top of the main scale and on the upper pay scales.

Can an ECT move up the pay scale? ›

ECTs are still able to progress on the pay scale both during and after induction.

Can an ECT be a supply teacher? ›

Can an ECT do induction as a supply teacher? Yes, ECTs can start or continue their induction whilst doing supply work so long as the period of employment is for a minimum contract length of one full induction term.

Will teachers get a raise in 2022? ›

The pay awards vary by profession. The new pay scales for teachers and school leaders for 2022-2023 have been confirmed by the Department for Education. Teachers across the country will benefit from pay increases of between 5% and 8.9% which will be backdated from 1st September 2022.

How hard is ECT year? ›

Feeling underprepared and ill-equipped to handle pupil behaviour is one of the biggest difficulties ECTs face in their first year. This can present itself in many forms in a school. It could be that a last minute room change has left your class at the other side of the school, unattended and unruly.

Can you fail NQT year? ›

The outcome for NQTs who fail the statutory Induction year is very serious. Whilst QTS cannot be removed, NQTs who have failed are by law not allowed to be employed in maintained schools.

Can I teach without ECT? ›

All teachers with QTS (qualified teacher status) who are employed by a school in England must complete an ECT induction period to a satisfactory standard.

What makes a great teacher assistant? ›

Be an effective communicator

They have to be able to articulate information so students can easily understand the directions, both in written and verbal forms. Listening skills are also equally important, and, above all, a teacher's aide must be able to offer full learning support to students.

How can a teaching assistant improve their practice? ›

Here are five top tips to help your TA add value to your practice and make a difference to your learners.
  1. Plan time to work with all children. ...
  2. Develop quality conversations. ...
  3. Evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. ...
  4. Make time to talk about learning. ...
  5. Make your goals clear.
4 Nov 2019

What is the most important role of a teaching assistant? ›

Teaching assistants help the teacher make the classroom a venue conducive to learning. They help keep the classroom neat, clean and fresh – a place that inspires learning and stimulates curiosity. They help put away teaching equipment and materials when the class is over.

What is your greatest strength answer samples for teaching assistant? ›

Model Answer:

“As well as being hardworking, approachable and good with children, I have a number of qualities which I could bring to the Teaching Assistant role. I am an extremely patient person and I am willing to spend as much time working on one subject, word or calculation as a child needs.

What is the most important quality for an assistant to have? ›

Strong organizational skills

Of course, organizational skills are a top priority for personal assistants. Organization is second nature to them, and they have a high level of adaptability to be able to adjust schedules according to shifting business priorities.

What are four responsibilities that an educational assistant has in the classroom? ›

Education assistants are responsible for performing duties like supervision, class preparation, behavioral monitoring, taking attendance, paperwork management, and more when helping teachers.

What will Ofsted be looking for? ›

Ofsted will want to look at all available records about your school and the students, including records of accidents, complaints, your safeguarding or health and safety policies, and information about staff qualifications (see our previous section for details).

What are the 5 areas Ofsted inspect? ›

Judgements will be made about: Overall effectiveness; Quality of education; Behaviour and attitudes; Personal development; and Leadership and management. If the school offers early years provision and sixth-form provision, inspectors will also make judgements on these areas.

How is 2022 a level assessed? ›

Unlike in 2020 and 2021, students will be graded purely on assessed work. That includes exams and course work. Ofqual adds: "Students' grades will be determined only by the number of marks they achieve on the assessments.

What triggers a no notice Ofsted inspection? ›

Inspectors will follow this guidance where Ofsted has concerns that the safety of pupils and/or staff is at risk or where information suggests that there has been a serious breakdown in leadership and management, or a decline in standards.

Can Ofsted just turn up? ›

You will normally receive a phone call from your inspector giving you up to 5 days' notice. However, if it's a complaint driven inspection or if it's a follow-up from a previous inadequate grade, your Ofsted inspector might just turn up.

How do you survive Ofsted? ›

How can you 'survive' an Ofsted inspection? In less than three years I have helped teachers and leaders prepare and tackle almost 20 Ofsted inspections.
During the inspection….
  1. Exercise books. ...
  2. Seating plans. ...
  3. Stick to your strengths. ...
  4. Inspector feedback is minimal. ...
  5. Day-by-day, week-by-week is key. ...
  6. And breathe…
12 Mar 2018

What happens if you get inadequate Ofsted? ›

The Secretary of State for Education will issue an academy order to a maintained school judged inadequate and placed in a category of concern. The school will then become a sponsored academy.

How long is an Ofsted inspection 2022? ›

From September Ofsted will resume: two-day onsite section 5 inspections (which will result in full graded judgements) two-day onsite section 8 inspections of 'good' schools. two-day onsite section 5 or 8 inspections of formerly 'exempt' outstanding schools.

Are Ofsted behind on inspections? ›

In practice, Ofsted is about 18 months behind in its inspection volumes.

Will 2022 A levels be easier? ›

Pupils' GCSE and A-level exams will be graded more generously than in pre-pandemic years - to make up for the disruption Covid has had on learning. National exams are going ahead this year across the UK, for the first time since the pandemic began.

What is a pass at A level 2022? ›

A pass is indicated by one of six grades, A*, A, B, C, D or E, - where A and A* is the highest grade and E is the lowest. In order to meet the pass criteria, you must get an E grade or above on results day. If a student does not pass, it will show on their results sheet as "Not Classified" or similar.


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